ONCiTY: The video game that makes us equal
Teaching materials for primary and special education

4. Intellectual disability

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Mayor of the ONCITY video game

Welcome to Oncity, a city built on the pillars of Inclusion, respect and empathy!

Our citizens are concerned with the language they use and how they address each other, highlighting people's abilities, not their difficulties!

Having an accessible city is key for people with intellectual disabilities to be able to live independently, move around the city, play sports, go to museums, etc. so we feel protective and understandingtowards them.

Some people with mental health issues, who suffer from anxiety, depression, or discrimination (psychosocial disability) need places where they can feel safe, so it is very important that street and building designs are easy and intuitive to navigate, and that information on posters and signs is comprehensible, with simple text and images to help understand.

Intellectual disabled character from the video game ONCITY
Picture of several pictograms
  • Texts use simple vocabulary. This is called “easy-to-read”.
  • Pictograms accompany all the information, and are combined with simple, understandable texts.
  • Only important information is included so as not to saturate the message.
  • Public spaces do not have too many signs, lighting or noise, to help users to process the information.

What does mobility need to be accessible?

Bus icon
  • Public transport stationsare organised to be as understandable as possible to make them easier to use intuitively.
  • Bus and train stations are pleasant places that make them convenient and comfortable for those who use them.
  • Posters are simple and understandable, to make it easy to identify and find the different public spaces in the station.
  • The information provided by public address systems in any mode of transport is understandable and free of distortion.

How are urban spaces designed to be accessible?

City buildings icon
  • The town planning of streets and parks is designed to make walking easier, with ample spaces and marked itineraries on the ground and information poles along major routes.
  • Streets also have other elements that facilitate orientation, such as the use of colour, guide strips and reference points.
  • Street names, posters and signs are easy to read, and ensure broad visual control of the environment,to give a sense of security and reduce anxiety and stress in people with intellectual disabilities.

How can we make studying accessible?

Icon of a table with a computer
  • Schools teach emotional education.
  • Teachers complement their explanations with subtitles and texts written for easy reading which ensures accessibility to all students.
  • Teachers have different ways of teaching and presenting activities. They call it /strong> Universal Design for Learning.
  • The main entrances have audible warnings to warn that doors are opening.
  • Entrances have ramps and itineraries marked on the floor of the playground and corridors in schools.

How can we make culture accessible?

Icon of a painting and a statue
  • Some cultural or leisure activities, such as amusement parks, offer noise-free and no excessive light sessions.
  • Cultural programming also includes easy-to-read plays.
  • Museums include descriptions in easy audio that is, with an easy-to-understand soundtrack.

How can we make carrying out formalities more accessible?

City council icon
  • The main entrance is easily recognisable, either because it is in a different colour than the rest or because it is identified.
  • Public spaces have floor-marked itineraries that lead to the different services offered, making them easier to locate.
  • Public registration and municipal management services are marked as strategic points.
  • Public and shopping centres have well-lit itineraries and safe rest areas.
  • Information signs are designed to be easily understandable: timetables with supporting pictograms, logo or corporate pictogram of the building, name of the building and its function or the services offered, etc.